History of Jakarta

The earliest settlements on the website of History of Jakarta were established in the mouth of the Ciliwung, possibly as early as the 5th century AD. The city’s official history, nevertheless, begins in 1527, when the sultan of Bantam conquered the Portuguese there and known as the place Jayakerta. The Dutch, under the direction of Jan Pieterszoon Coen, captured and razed the city in 1619, after which the capital of the eastern Dutch Indies, a walled township named Batavia, was established on the website. The colonial history of the city can be divided into 3 major periods. First was the Dutch Eastern India Company, when majority of the actions of the city centered around the fortress and the firm warehouses.

At the Time the city somewhat resembled a typical Dutch city, complete with canals. The 2nd period began in the early 1800 s, when the city was extended to include more and higher healthful areas to the south, which will later become the chair of the new colonial government. A brief period of British control throughout the Napoleonic Wars, ending in 1815, interrupted the second period. Throughout the 3rd period, which lasted from about the 1920 in 1941, the city became modernized. The colonial era ended when Indonesia was occupied by Japanese forces in World War II. Following war the city was temporarily occupied by the Allies and after that was returned to the Dutch.

Throughout the Japanese occupation and again after Indonesian nationalists declared independence on August 17, 1945, the city was renamed Jakarta. The name Batavia stayed the internationally recognized name until complete Indonesian independence was attained and Djakarta was formally proclaimed the national capital on December 27, 1949. Jakarta has experienced extraordinary growth and development since Indonesia’s independence. Throughout the 50s The city started its transformation, as President Sukarno supported large scale construction jobs. The city’s infrastructure has been modernized, and office towers rose. Jakarta had become one of the biggest metropolises of tropics Asia and emerged as financial and industrial centre throughout the tenure of Suharto, whose reign was marked by widespread corruption and nepotism. Following decades of economic expansion, the city and the nation have been hit hard by a financial crisis in Asia in 1997-98. Widespread antigovernment protests and rioting ensued, which claimed the lives of over 500 individuals, Suharto was forced to resign in 1998.

Thus, in the beginning of the twenty-first century, both Indonesia and Jakarta were experiencing a dramatic economic, political, and social transition.

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